Trail of Tears

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Butterfield Overland Mail


Civil War

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Explore the Trails

Tales of the Trail

The Benge Detachment of Cherokees on the Trail of Tears

Alongside a busy intersection in Fayetteville, Arkansas, is a small park set aside to remember the Cherokees of the Benge detachment who passed this way on their way to Indian Territory in January 1839.

By Gloria Young
The Indian Removal Act was signed by President Andrew Jackson on May 28, 1830. This act put in motion the systematic removal of the Cherokees, Choctaws, Muskogee Creeks, Chickasaws, and Seminoles from their ancestral homelands in the Southeast to Indian Territory in what is today Oklahoma.

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Destinations on the Trail

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Cane Hill

Settled by Anglo pioneers in 1827, Cane Hill is one of the earliest settlements in Washington County. The community was a witness to both Trail of Tears and Civil War activities.

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Pea Ridge National Military Park

The campaign that would culminate in the Battle of Pea Ridge began December 25, 1861 with the appointment of Brigadier General Samuel R. Curtis to command the Union Army of the Southwest.

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Pipe Springs

March 10, 1862, four Confederate soldiers who had been deserted by their main company after the March 7 Battle of Pea Ridge were making their way home to the present-day Gentry and Siloam Springs areas.

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Shiloh Museum of Ozark History

The Shiloh Museum of Ozark History is a regional history museum focusing on the Northwest Arkansas Ozarks. The museum takes its name from the pioneer community of Shiloh, which became Springdale in the 1870s.

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Interactive Trail Map

Interactive Trail Map

Explore the Northwest Arkansas Heritage Trail on this interactive map, where you'll find color-coded routes following the Trail of Tears, Butterfield Overland Mail, and Civil War activities, as well as historic sites along the Heritage Trail complete with photos and links for more information.

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Butterfield Trail Driver’s Guide

Butterfield Trail Driver’s Guide

The Heritage Trail Partners of Northwest Arkansas have developed a driver's guide to help you explore the Butterfield Overland Mail Route. The guides are available for purchase throughout Northwest Arkansas.

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